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Feed, Fodder, Animal Nutrition and Grazing Policy

बुधवार, 02 डिसेंबर 2009 07:31
शेवटचा बदल केलेला दिनांक बुधवार, 27 जानेवारी 2010 11:54
 प्रिंट     मागे

It is observed that fodder crop cultivation is not up to the desired level. Usually the animals are fed with food crop residues. Only few progressive farmers and organized dairymen undertake feeding of chaffed fodder to the animals. Stocking of dry fodder in form of silage is also restricted to few places. The waste lands and gairans have not been developed as grazing lands. It is observed that green fodder and concentrate feed is supplied only to the productive animals (that too when they are in production). The dry-pregnant cows and buffalo heifers and male calves do not receive the desired nutritious feed on account of negligence of owner. At present there is no legislation for regulation of the quality of cattle & poultry feed.

Following measures are therefore necessary and will be introduced

  1. Cattle & poultry feed manufacturing should be freed from reservation for small- scale sector.
  2. Promoting the farmers to put at least 10% of the total cultivable land for fodder crop production while making their crop-plan. For this area specific fodder varieties will be identified and developed as is being done by Uttranchal Livestock Development Board.
  3. Development of waste lands / gairans into community pasture lands through systematic efforts of green cover augmentation under soil & water conservation schemes with involvement of village panchayats and NGOs.
  4. Democratization of management of grazing areas on forest land through effective implementation of joint-forest management and giving priority to plant and grass species which provide good quantity and quality of green fodder.
  5. In order to protect the fodder cover on grass-land on CPRs stall-feeding shall be promoted by suitable extension tool, programme-based tools and regulatory interventions.
  6. A study groups will be set up to study the practice of œfree-grazing by cattle on community pasture land in larger parts of Konkan, Vidarbha, Marathwada and hilly and tribal areas, in order to get a suitable intervention tool designed for conserving grass land and at the same time improve the animal husbandry practices adopted by the local people in those areas; the study group will also study various aspects of sheep and goat rearing by shepherd community and intervention tools for improving their lot and also conserving pasture land resources.
  7. Promotion of fodder enrichment techniques (nutritive value addition with use of urea & molasses) shall be researched and introduced suitable to address to problem of fodder shortage in hilly, tribal and drought prone areas.
  8. Mineral deficiency pattern and its geo-climatic distribution be determined and updated from time to time so that suitable mineral supplementation (in feed) can be prescribed.
  9. Establishment of fodder banks in the drought prone areas to tackle with fodder scarcity.
  10. Quality parameters for cattle & poultry feed, minerals & trace minerals (for supplementation in feed) should be up-graded. Stipulated quality parameters will be made mandatory for the manufacturers through enactment and enforcement of suitable legislation.
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