Breding Policy For Cattle

बुधवार, 02 डिसेंबर 2009 05:27
शेवटचा बदल केलेला दिनांक बुधवार, 27 जानेवारी 2010 09:43

Target For Genetic Up-gradation cattle: -

  1. Breeding Policy for cattle is in consonance with National Project for Cattle & Buffalo Breeding (NPCBB).
  2. It aims at increased productivity of cows by genetic improvement. However, it also aims at conservation of native breeds and ensuring adequate supply of quality bullocks for animal drought power in rural areas.
  3. In order to achieve self sufficiency in milk production it is aimed to achieve a level of 60% genetic improvement from present level of 28% by end of year 2015 (instead of the year 2010 as envisaged under NPCBB due to delayed implementation of the said project in the state) and to further improve it to 80% by the end of year 2025.
  4. Above mentioned targets are expected to be achieved through the consolidated and collective efforts of all the agencies engaged in cattle breeding activity viz. State Animal Husbandry Department, Co-operative Milk Unions, NGOs, Private Sector Agencies and unorganized Artificial Insemination (AI) workers in the state.

Target For Genetic Up-gradation cattle: -

For achieving above-mentioned level of genetic up-gradation, three pronged strategy is to be adopted as follows::

  1. Cross-breeding program for genetic up-gradation of targeted non-descript cattle population, in targeted herd / areas where cross-breeding program is suitable and desirable but excluding the home / breeding tracts of identified indigenous breeds of the state.
  2. Natural service by true to type™ bulls of selected native breeds, by introduction of such bulls after ensuring minimum chances of natural service by non-descript bulls by means of castration, in the areas where cross-breeding for genetic up-gradation of non-descript cattle population is not suitable, such as tribal, hilly and non-accessible areas with prevalent practice of free grazing. Selection of bulls for natural service will be on the basis of Dam'™s milk-yield and draftability of the bull itself.
  3. Conservation of native breeds by genetic up-gradation using semen of proven / true to type'™ bulls of the same breed and also by appropriate advanced means of bio-technology such as semen preservation, embryo preservation etc. It is envisaged that Breeder-farmers and Breeder'™s Associations will play important role in breed conservation.

Germplasm for Cross-breeding

Germplasm of Jersey and Holstein-Friesian will continue to be two germplasm which will be used for crossbreeding program in cattle. Any triple-cross-breed such as Phule Triveni of MPKV Rahuri is not included keeping in view technical difficulties in breed stabilization and also experience of other States such as Kerala in this regard.