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DIS Introduction

मंगळवार, 15 डिसेंबर 2009 10:16
शेवटचा बदल केलेला दिनांक सोमवार, 03 मे 2010 08:55
 प्रिंट     मागे

Disease Investigation Section- Pune

Introduction

Animal health is the backbone of livestock industry. Any disease outbreak leads to huge economic losses through mortality and loss of productivity. In fact the National Commission on Agriculture was emphatic in its observation that "Livestock development programs cannot possibly succeed unless and until well-organized animal health service is built up and protection of livestock against diseases and pests, particularly against the deadly infectious one’s is assured".

History and Background

Imperial Bacteriological Laboratory was first established at Pune which was subsequently shifted to Mukteshwar in 1890. It is now known as Indian Veterinary Research Institute.

  • 1932 Disease Investigation Section was established at Bombay
  • 1947 Disease Investigation Section was shifted to Aundh, Pune & established as State level laboratory for Maharashtra State
  • 1970 Disease Investigation Started in Kolhapur as Disease Investigation Laboratory(Piggery)
  • 1972 Establishment of All India Coordinated Research Project on Foot and Mouth Disease
  • 1975 Establishment of Bacteriology & Pathology Laboratory
  • 1980 Establishment of Toxicology & Parasitology Laboratory
  • 1983 Establishment of Disease Surveillance, Cattle Diseases and Poultry Disease Diagnostic Laboratory
  • 1985 Establishment of Cell Culture Laboratory
  • 1998 Established as Regional Reference Laboratory for western region (Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Chattisgarh, Goa, Maharashtra, Div-Daman)

Objectives of Disease Investigation Section

  • Collection of proper biological samples from outbreaks.
  • Process Material for investigation and differential diagnosis of diseases by specialists.
  • To confirm outbreaks in livestock and Poultry.
  • To advice control measures to field staff.
  • To carry out toxicological investigations and advice the field staff regarding the treatment.
  • To investigate known and unknown diseases prevailing all over the State.
  • Testing of animals for screening of livestock and poultry diseases of National importance like Tuberculosis, Johnes Disease, Brucellosis, Salmonellosis etc for systemic control of these diseases.
  • Aware Regional ,District laboratories and field staff about burning problems of Livestock and Poultry by conducting seminars, training and sending circulars.
  • To impart training to officers of regional laboratories within the state and outside and also to the field veterinarians.
  • To issue animal health certificates for export of livestock and livestock products including poultry.
  • To undertake sero-monitoring of animals against certain diseases like IBR. Brucellosis, P.P.R., etc.
  • To undertake epidemiological investigation and economic analysis of the disease outbreaks.

Objectives of Regional Disease Diagnostic Lab(Western Zone)

  • Collection of proper biological samples from outbreaks
  • The RDDL to be designated will serve as a Regional Referral Laboratory (RRL) for
    economically important livestock diseases (bacterial, viral, parasitic) by providing diagnostic services (both primary and confirmatory) to the states of the region.
  • The RDDL will maintain a data bank on the epidemiology of the economically important diseases of the region and it will be circulated to all the states on a periodic basis.
  • The RDDL will maintain a repository of virus; bacteria and parasitic agents isolated and make available a portion of the same for the national repository to be maintained at the National reference laboratory.
  • The RDDL will follow the approved technique and standard reagents for generation of the diagnostic results. It will also maintain and monitor the standard of the test system followed by the state diagnostic laboratory.
  • The RDDL will also train scientists / officers from the state diagnostic laboratories in the state of art technology and help in transfer of technology to the state diagnostic laboratories. In addition they will provide consultancy and expert services to the states of the region for speedy and accurate diagnosis of animal diseases.
  • Testing of animals for screening of livestock and poultry diseases of National importance like Tuberculosis, Johnes Disease, Brucellosis, Salmonellosis etc for systemic control of these diseases.
  • A special surveillance programme is to be initiated for BSE / Scrapie as per the directions and terms of Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, GOI. and provide the necessary information to the department
 
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