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STATUS OF SHEEP AND GOAT SECTOR IN MAHARASHTRA

सोमवार, 11 जानेवारी 2010 00:19
शेवटचा बदल केलेला दिनांक मंगळवार, 18 मार्च 2014 06:48
 प्रिंट     मागे

1. Introduction
The livestock sector plays an important role in the state’s economy; about 70% of population thrives on agriculture. Animal Husbandry is an inseparable component of agriculture sector.
Livestock rearing is central to rural livelihoods in a large part of the globe. In India according to Government reports, in the year 2008, the sector contributed about 5.3% of the total GDP and provided food, fiber, energy and medicine essential for human survival.
Sheep and goat rearing is traditional occupation of economically weaker sections of society, particularly in rain shadow areas. These two species have been a major source of economic sustenance and financial cushioning, especially for economically weaker section of society.
Nearly 40% of our population belongs to economically poor and therefore programmes involving development of these small ruminants will directly benefit this population. Comparatively smaller body size and their adaptability to a wide range of agroclimatic conditions have rendered them suitable for weaker sections.
Sheep and goats are mainly reared under extensive range management system on community rangeland, crop residues and forestlands employing self or family labor. Management of small ruminants does not require special skills. The family labor is gainfully employed. Financial inputs are much less as compared to other livestock sector. The market demand for sheep and goat and their products is available through out the year and there is negligible variation in prices obtained.
The National Commission of Nutrition stated that the balanced human diet should comprise 11 kg of meat / annum. However the current availability in Maharashtra state is only 2.26 kg / annum (from all Species). Due to increasing human population, the average meat availability is not likely to exceed. Therefore rapid increase in meat production is necessary to meet the ever-increasing demand.
Nutritional Advisory Committee of Indian Institute of Medical Research recommended every Indian should get 280 gms. of milk per day per capita , but statistical report of GOI for the period –2006 availability 245 gms. per capita per day .
Maharashtra ranks third in Meat production & eighth in wool production amongst all states of India (Source: Basic Animal Husbandry Statistics, 2006).

1.1. Sheep & Goat Population:

As per livestock census of 2008, there are 32.57 lakhs of sheep & 109.81 lakh Goats are reared in the State.

Table-1 Division wise Sheep & Goats

Sr.No.

Name of the Division

No. of Sheep

Wool Production during the year 2008-09 (MTs)

No. of Goats

Goat Milk Production during the year 2008-09.
(000 MTs.)

1

Mumbai
(Konkon)

3025

12.959

352112

10.186

2

Nasik

1362089

566.225

3173555

77.692

3

Pune

1252601

777.112

2369037

63.887

4

Aurangabad

236635

158.392

1185165

46.795

5

Latur

135206

81.508

919395

19.258

6

Amravati

198534

74.298

1440810

39.163

7

Nagpur

69742

36.773

1541107

20.269

 

Total

3257562

1707.287

10981181

277.250

 

As per livestock census of year 2003, on National level Maharashtra ranks 6th in Sheep population & 4th in Goat population.

1.2. Sheep and goat rearing

Approximately 1 lakh families are depending upon sheep rearing business. Sheep rearing is done in dry climatic districts such as Pune, Satara, Solapur, Sangli, Kolhapur, Ahmadnagar, Nasik, Dhule, Jalgaon, Aurangabad, Jalna, Beed, Latur, Nanded., Osmanabad, Buldhana, Chandrapur, etc. On goat rearing approximately 48 lakhs families are engaged. Both the business is carried out by weaker sections of the society.

1.3. Meat Production

Goats \ Sheep constitute a very important species of livestock in India, mainly on account of their short generation intervals, higher rates of prolificacy, and the ease with which the goats as also their products can be marketed. They are considered to be very important for their contribution to the development of rural zones and people. The local initiatives to promote quality labels and innovative products for cheeses, meat and fibres could help goats in keeping a role for sustainable development in an eco-friendly environment all over the world. However, the future of the goat and sheep industry as a significant economic activity will also be very dependent on the standards of living in the countries where there is a market for the goat products.
As per Statistical Report of Dept. of Animal Husbandry, Maharashtra State for the year 2008 – 2009, Sheep and goat meat production is about 34.52 % of total meat production in the state of which 11.34 % is form sheep and 23.18 % is from goats. Estimated average meat production per sheep and goat is 11 kg.
Table-2 Estimated meat production from all species of animal in Maharashtra
2008-09


Sr. No.

Species

No. of Animal Slaughtered
(000” Nos).

Average meat production / Animal (kgs)

Total meat production (000 MT)

Percentage contribution

1.

Cattle

511.421

126.223

64.553

25.21

2.

Buffalo

703.115

138.738

97.549

38.10

3.

Sheep

2466.183

11.772

29.033

11.34

4.

Goat

5112.838

11.611

59.366

23.18

5.

Pig

218.404

25.274

5.520

2.15

 

Total

 

Total

256.021

100.00

(Source: Integrated Survey Scheme Report on Milk, Egg, Wool & Meat Production in Maharashtra State for the year 2008-09)

 

Table-3 Number of Registered Slaughterhouses in the State

Sr. No.

District

No. of Registered Slaughterhouses

1

Brihan Mumbai

1

2

Thane

3

3

Raigad

1

4

Sindhudurg

2

5

Nashik

10

6

Dhule

4

7

Nadurbar

5

8

Jalgaon

19

9

Ahmednagar

7

10

Pune

8

11

Satara

12

12

Sangali

2

13

Kolhapur

13

14

Solapur

4

15

Latur

6

16

Osmanabad

4

17

Beed

11

18

Aurangabad

11

19

Jalna

5

20

Buldhana

47

21

Parbhani

6

22

Nanded

17

23

Hingoli

11

24

Akola

28

25

Washim

14

26

Amravati

26

27

Yavatmal

30

28

Wardha

6

29

Nagpur

14

30

Bhandara

1

31

Gadchiroli

3

32

Chandrapur

7

 

Total

338

(Source: Integrated Survey Scheme Report on Milk, Egg, Wool & Meat Production in Maharashtra State for the year 2008-09)

1.4. EXPORT OF MEAT

The world production of Sheep meat was 8.89 million tones and Goat meat was 5.14 million tones in 2007. India ranked seventh in sheep and second in goat meat production. India’s export of sheep/goat meat has been increased from Rs. 65.87 Crores in 2006-07 to Rs.134.10 Crores in 2007-08.

Major Export Destinations (2007-08): Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar, Germany, Oman.

Table-4 Three-Year Export Statement: Sheep & Goat Meat (Source: APEDA)

Year

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

Quantity ( in MT)

7272.97

5777.52

8908.72

Value (in Lakhs)

8104.24

6587.23

13409.96

 

 

 

1.6 Goat Milk Production
It is observed that goat milk production for the state was estimated during 2008-09 was 277.248 thousand M.T. during the year. The average milk yield per goat in-milk per day was about 219gms.Contribution of Goat Milk in total milk production is approximately 4 per cent

Table - 6 Species wise Milk Production in the State

Sr. No. Species Estimated no. of Animals in milk (lakh) Average daily milk yield/animal-in-milk Total Milk Production (000’M. T.)

1

C. B. Cows

1180

6.541

2817.166

2

Cows other than C. B. Cows

1943

1.503

1066.248

3

Buffaloes

2395

3.768

3294.495

4

Goat

3475

0.219

277.248

 

 

 

Total

7455.157

1.8 LIVESTOCK MARKETS
Livestock markets are governed by the Agriculture Market Committees, important livestock markets in the State are as under,

Sr.
No.

District

Name of the market

Market day

1

Greater Mumbai

Govandi

Monday

2

Thane

Kalyan

Thursday

 

 

Saralgaon

Tuesday

3

Sindhudurg

Kudal

Wednesday

 

 

Kankavali

Tuesday

4

Ratnagiri

+Lanja

Tuesday

5

Nashik

Ghoti

Saturday

 

 

Malegaon

Friday

 

 

Nashik

Wednesday

 

 

Khedgaon

Saturday

6

Dhule

Dhule

Tuesday

 

 

Dondaicha

Thursday

 

 

Shirpur

Monday

 

 

Shahada

Tuesday

7

Nandurbar

Nandurbar

Tuesday

8

Jalgaon

Varangaon

Monday

 

 

Chopada

Sunday

 

 

Jalgaon

Saturday

 

 

Savada

Sunday

 

 

Warkhedi

Thursday

 

 

Dharangaon

Thursday

 

 

Neri

Tuesday

 

 

Vakod

Saturday

 

 

Chalisgaon

Saturday

9

Ahmadnagar

Valki

Monday

 

 

Kashti

Saturday

 

 

Ghodegaon

Friday

 

 

Rajur

Monday

 

 

Kopergaon

Monday

10

Pune

Baramati

Monday

 

 

Pune(S & G)

Saturday

 

 

Velha

Monday

 

 

Junnar

Sunday

 

 

Manchar

Sunday

 

 

Chakan

Saturday

 

 

Kikvi

Saturday

 

 

Saswad

Monday

 

 

Yavat

Friday

 

 

Shirur

Saturday

 

 

Talegaon (D)

Monday

11

Satara

Satara

Sunday

 

 

Nagthane

Tuesday

 

 

Pachvad

Tuesday

 

 

Aanewadi

Friday

 

 

Pusewadi

Sunday

 

 

Gondavale

Sunday

 

 

Aundh

Tuesday

 

 

Mayani

Sunday

 

 

Shirval

Friday

 

 

Mhaswad

Wednesday

 

 

Lonand

Thursday

 

 

Phaltan

Sunday

12

Sangali

Tasgaon

Thursday

 

 

Sangali

Saturday

 

 

Miraj

Wednesday

 

 

K.Mahankal

Tuesday

 

 

Dhalgaon

Sunday

 

 

Jat

Tuesday

 

 

Khanapur

Tuesday

 

 

Vita

Thursday

 

 

Aatpadi

Sunday

 

 

Islampur

Tuesday

13

Solapur

Akluj

Monday

 

 

Barshi

Saturday

 

 

Pandharpur

Tuesday

 

 

Solapur

Tuesday

 

 

Sangola

Sunday

 

 

Natepute

Wednesday

 

 

Kurduwadi

Tuesday

 

 

Modnimb

Saturday

 

 

Aakkalkot

Monday

 

 

Wadgaon

Sunday

 

 

Kolhapur

Sunday

 

 

Ichalkaranji

Friday

 

 

Murgud

Tuesday

15

Aurangabad

Paithan

Tuesday

 

 

Aurangabad

Thursday

 

 

Pachod

Sunday

16

Jalna

Jalna

Tuesday

 

 

Gevrai

Thursday

 

 

Mantha

Friday

17

Parbhani

Balapur Maa

Thursday

 

 

Parbhani

Tuesday

 

 

Jawala

Sunday

18

Beed

Neknur

Sunday

19

Nanded

Loha

Thursday

 

 

Naygaon

Thursday

20

Osmanabad

Bhoom

Thursday

 

 

Osmanabad

Sunday

 

 

Khasagi

Tuesday

 

 

Yenegur

Monday

 

 

Deoni

Friday

21

Latur

Renapur

Friday

 

 

Murud

Tuesday

 

 

Halli

Sunday

22

Hingoli

Hingoli

Monday

23

Buldhana

Khamgaon

Thursday

 

 

Malkapur

Thursday

 

 

Janephal

Saturday

 

 

Chikhali

Monday

24

Akola

Akola

Sunday

 

 

Chauhatta

Friday

 

 

Malegaon

Tuesday

 

 

Damdi(Shed)

Tuesday

25

Amravati

Badnera

Friday

 

 

Rajura(Ba)

Thursday

 

 

Paratwada

Thursday

 

 

Shendurajana

Thuesday

 

 

Chandurbajar

Sunday

 

 

Talegaon

Tuesday

 

 

Daryapur

Thursday

26

Yatmal

Digras

Saturday

 

 

Ghatanji

Wednesday

 

 

Aarni

Thursday

 

 

Umerkhed

Wednesday

 

 

Ralegaon

Wednesday

27

Wardha

Deoli

Saturday

 

 

Aarvi

Thursday

 

 

Samudrapur

Sunday

28

Nagpur

Katol

Tuesday

 

 

Nagpur

Thursday

 

 

Mahipa

Wednesday

 

 

Ramtek

Sunday

29

Bhandara

Kondha

Wednesday

 

 

Bhandara

Sunday

 

 

Amagaon

Friday

 

 

Lalchandur

Tuesday

30

Chandrapur

Chimur

Friday

 

 

Chandrapur

Wednesday

 

 

Madheli

Monday

 

 

Jambhulgat

Tuesday

 

 

Gangalwadi

Saturday

31

Gadchiroli

Gadchiroli

Sunday

 

 

Brahmpuri

Sunday

1.9 MIGRATORY ASPECTS
In Maharashtra sheep & goat rearing occupation is done mainly by Dhangar community. The average size of each sheep flock is 25 to 30 Nos. The Dhangar remain in their village form June to October of every year. During this period they depend on rain fed crops like Bajara, Jawar, Maize, Sunflower etc. on scanty rainfall. The grass cover available on grazing land and on roadsides, riverbeds suffices up to September end and most of the ewes are conceived during this period. After harvesting the kharif crops, the shaperds start migrating from Pune, Satara, Sangli districts towards Kokan area where sufficient grazing and water is available as also kharif crop residues. Sheep flocks from Solapur districts migrate towards Marathwada Region in search of fodder and water. Flocks from Aurangabad, Jalana migrate towards forest areas of Dhule and Jalgaon districts. This migration continues up to the May end, after which flocks return to their native villages.

2.0 WOOL PRODUCTION
A. Shearing of Wool:
The Sheep of the state grow a coarse type of wool on their bodies. The sheep are shorn twice during a year. The first shearing is done during June & July. The second shearing is done afte six months, of the first shearing.

B. Wool production:
Average wool production is 587 gms. The estimated wool production for the state during 2006-2007 was about 1667 M.T.

C. Utilization:
The wool is short staple & rough. Wool is generally used locally for production of Ghongadies (Kamblies) & Jen (Namdas), Barrack Blankets, which are required for military- paramilitary forces. Approximately 20% wool is used locally & 80% wool is purchased by the mill owners of northern states such as Haryana, Punjab for production of barrack blankets.

3.0 IMPORTANT WOOL MARKETS IN THE STATE

SR. NO.

NAME OF THE MARKET.

DISTRICT.

1

Lonand

Satara

2

Phaltan

Satara

3

Mhasvad

Satara

4

Nazre

Solapur

5

Mahud

Solapur

6

Karmala

Solapur

7

Sangola

Solapur

8

Junoni

Solapur

9

Natepute

Solapur

10

Jawala

Solapur

11

Piliv

Solapur

12

Dhalgaon(Woolen yarn)

Sangli

13

Rashin

Ahamadnagar

14

Sangamner

Ahamadnagar

15

Parner

Ahamadnagar

16

Loni

Ahamadnagar

17

Shrirampur

Ahamadnagar

18

Nevasa

Ahamadanagar

19

Pathardi

Ahamadanagar

20

Shirur

Pune

21

Daund

Pune

22

Jalana

Jalana

23

Parali

Beed

24

Dharur

Beed

25

Manmad

Nasik

26

Sinner

Nasik

27

Nandgaon

Nasik

28

Vaijapur

Aurangabad

Amongst all these markets Lonand, Phaltan are important & well organized markets. These are under the control of Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee. And Wool Marketing through auction sale takes place at these places during wool shearing seasons. In the State at Lonand market maximum quantity of wool is auctioned annually. At other market places mentioned above wool marketing takes place during weekly bazaar days. The wool from Mahud, Sangola of Solapur district and Parali & Dharur area of Beed district fetches more price as quality of wool from these area is superior to that produced in other regions of the State.

3. SHEEP & GOAT COOPERATIVES:

As per the information obtained from Ahmednagar Goat Coop. Federation, there are at present about 2250 Sheep & Goat breeders Coop. Societies in the State the details of which are as follows:

  1. Western Maharashtra : 450
  2. Marathwada : 380
  3. Vidarbha : 170
  4. Konkan : 25
  5. Khandesh : 1200

Total : 2225
Most of societies are not functioning at all & are defunct or dormant. However there cooperative societies can be made to play a significant role in helping the producers through procurement of their products & supply the produce to users like slaughter houses, woollen mills etc. They can also be made to supply breedable stock to other breeders.
In order to encourage the dormant societies to take up above programmes the societies will have to be provided finance in the form of share capital contribution to assist them to create infrastructure like society office, furniture & machinery, Weighing scale, Office stationary etc. The societies can obtain working capital from the banks for running their activities.

4. NGOS WORKING ON SHEEP & GOATS:

  • Nimbkar Agriculture Research Institute (NARI), Phaltan:
  • BAIF Development Research Foundation, Uralikanchan, Pune:
  • ANTHRA, Bavdhan, Pune:
  • BOSCO Gramin Vikas Kendra, kadegaon, Nagar- Pune Marg, Ahmednagar:
  • Rural Agriculture Institute, Narayangaon (RAIN):
 
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